Aizpute

Aizpute

Hasenpoth

 

Distance from Riga 186 km (A9, P115)

 

The Jewish community of Aizpute, founded in 1751, was in fact one of the first Jewish communities in the Duchy of Courland. In 1881, 1/3 of the overall town population, were Jews. By 1935, the 534 Jews made up 15,6% of the total population of Aizpute.

The Nazi troops entered the town in the late June 1941. On the 3rd of November 1941, all 386 Aizpute Jews were ordered to gather in the synagogue. Shortly after that, they were transported into the forest to the south from the town and executed by firing squad.

Synagogue, Atmodas, 16. This oldest existing synagogue in Latvia was built in 1751, and renovated in 1935. The Small Synagogue was built nearby in 1875, and renovated in 1933. After the WWII the two buildings were connected and have been used as the Town Palace of Culture since 1955. The original paintings on the ceilings can still be seen.

Mikvah, Krasta St, on the banks of the river Tebra, near the synagogue. Despite the building currently being neglected, the original 19th century arched ceilings can still be seen in the basement.

The Jewish Bridge is situated near the synagogue and connects the banks of the river Tebra. The bridge received its current name in the 19th century.

Cemetery, situated just outside of the town, 200 m from the end of Kalvenes St. The cemetery was built in the late 18th century. A large number of the gravestones remain in their original places. A select few of these are unique and are made in cast iron with markings molded onto them. These markings are written in German language using the Hebrew alphabet.

MisiƆkalns Town Cemetery. The remains of the victims of the Holocaust were re-buried here.

Aizpute Museum of Regional Studies, Skolas, 1. A part of the exhibition is dedicated to the history of the Jewish community in Aizpute.

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